Hypokalemia- Hipopotasemia - نقص بوتاسيوم الدم - 低血鉀症 -
Hypokaliämie - 低カリウム血症 - гипокалиемия - hipokaliemia - υποκαλιαιμία - hạ kali máu - хипокалемија - ipokaliemia - хипокалиемия - هیپوکالمی - היפּאָקאַלעמיאַ
The purpose of this blog is to collate all the key information regarding Hypokalemic Periodic Paralys, its symptoms, side effects and treatment. Information in English and Spanish. *****
Potassium affects the way neuromuscular cells discharge energy (depolarize) and then regenerate (repolarize) that energy to be able to fire again. When potassium levels are low, the cells cannot repolarize and are unable to fire repeatedly, so the muscles and nerves can function normally. The effects of low potassium include can cause the following symptoms:
muscle cramps, and
palpitations (irregular heartbeats)
How is low potassium diagnosed?
Potassium levels in the blood may be easily measured by routine blood tests.
Low potassium is often a potential complication of medication, for example, patients with high bloodpressure who are being treated with diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide (Hydrodiuril) or furosemide (Lasix) often have their potassium levels monitored.
Patients who become ill with vomiting and diarrhea, may develop dehydration And weakness. Part of the patient evaluation may include having theirelectrolyte levels tested in order to determine whether body potassium losses may need to be replaced.
There can be electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG) changes associated with low potassium, and sometimes the diagnosis of low potassium is made incidentally by finding the characteristic "U" waves on the EKG tracing. In severe cases, hypokalemia can lead to dangerous disturbances in heart rhythm (dysrhythmia).